Articles

Afghanistan: six premiers mois sanguinaires pour les journalistes

Durant ces six premier mois de 2019, l’Afghanistan a perdu au moins six journalistes en six incidents différents. En 2018, l’Afghanistan était déjà le pays le plus meurtrier au monde pour les journalistes. Cette année s’annonce atrocement similaire.

Déjà 35 cas de violence en 2019 contre les journalistes et le personnel des medias enregistrés par Nai Media Institute en Afghanistan. Le décompte ne s’arrête pas là et il est sanglant : six meurtres, six blessures graves, dix-sept  menaces et insultes. Il y a aussi des actions terroristes : trois attaques contre les médias et une explosion à la voiture piégée.  

Ces attentats se pratiquent par vague : les forces de sécurité et médicales accourent pour secourir les journalistes ayant réchappés à l’attentat. C’est le moment choisi pour déclencher une deuxième bombe. Cette scène s’est déroulée à Kaboul l’année dernière : 9 journalistes avaient été tués dans ce double attentat du 30 avril 2018.  

Récemment, les Talibans ont lancé de nouvelles menaces contre les médias en Afghanistan, en demandant l’arrêt immédiat des publicités pro-gouvernement. Être journaliste dans un pays ravagé par la guerre et les luttes intestines représente un danger permanent. Les Talibans et l’Etat Islamique sont responsables des crimes contre les journalistes et ceux qui accompagnent les journalistes. Les Talibans ont décidé que les journalistes afghans étaient dorénavant leur cible privilégié.

Janvier

Afghan Journalist Javid Noori

Javid Noori est le premier journaliste tué dans le monde en 2019. C’était le 5 janvier. Voyageant dans un bus, il a été tué lors d’un barrage routier à Frarah, une province dans l’ouest du pays où il travaillait pour Neshat Radio, une radio locale. Javid Noori avait 27 ans.

Février

Local journalists Shafiqullah Arya and Rahimullah Rahmani

En février, deux autres journalistes sont tués par balle dans Takhar, une province dans le nord de l’Afghanistan.

Shafiqullah Arya et Rahimullah Rahmani ont été tués par deux inconnus qui sont entrés dans les bureaux de Radio Hamsada, une station de radio basée en Taloqan, ville située dans le nord ouest de l’Afghanistan. Comble de l’horreur, ils ont étés tués lors de leur émission, pendant qu’ils étaient en direct à la radio.

Mars

View of Sultan Mahmood Khairkhwas tomb in Southern Khost province of Afghanistan

Sultan Mahmood Khairkwa, journaliste afghan pour Zhman TV est mort des complications après qu’il est reçu une balle dans la tête par des hommes armés se revendiquant de l’Etat Islamique.

Un autre journaliste est mort ce même mois de mars, il s’agit de Nisar Ahmad Ahmadi. Journaliste afghan, il voulait se rendre à son travail en prenant sa voiture. Mais sa voiture a explosé, piégée par une bombe. Cette fois-ci, c’était dans le sud de l’Aafghanistan. Nisar Ahmad Ahmadi travaillait avec  la chaine de télévison  Sabawoon.

Avril

Cette fois-ci, un homme armée a attaqué le radio journaliste, Imran Lemar. Lemar travaillait pour Mazal radio. Il a été blessé par balle par un homme armé inconnu dans la grande ville de l’est, Jalalabad, le 25 avril.

Ce même mois d’avril, le rédacteur en chef du média 1TV, Abdullah Khanjani, était frappé ou plutôt battu par les gardes du corps de la protection présidentielle. Cet événement s’est passé à Kaboul, la capitale.

Mai

Meena Mangal presenting TV show in local TV in Kabul

Contrairement à une idée reçue, de nombreuses femmes sont journalistes en Afghanistan. Elles ne sont pas épargnées.

C’est le cas de Meena Mangal, tuée à Kaboul alors qu’elle se rendait à son travail. Sa famille a imploré le gouvernement de mettre en place une enquête pour retrouver les assassins.

Loin de la violence, Meena Mangal était amatrice de poèsie, voici son ultime poème. 

Meena mangal ki last poem

Publiée par Lar aw bar yo Afghan sur Samedi 11 mai 2019

Les chefs d’Etat du monde entier, dont le canadien Justin Trudeau, ont demandé qu’on se souvienne de Meena Mangal come une journaliste à l’intégrité totale qui s’est battue toute sa vie pour les droits des femmes d’Afghanistan, quelle que soit leur âge. 

Meena Mangal travaillait à Tolo TV, le plus grand diffuseur privé d’Afghanistan, mais aussi pour d’autres médias. Elle était aussi conseillère culturelle à la chambre basse du parlement national d’Afghanistan.

Juin

AFJC Shaki Baluch

Selon les médias afghans, le journaliste Shaki Baluch a été tué au Zabul, la province du sud d’Afghanistan, par des hommes armés. De plus, 7 employés de Shamshad TV ont été blessés dans une attaque.  

Si ce début d’année sanglant pour les journalistes afghans ne choque plus l’opinion mondiale, l’appel des insurgés à tuer le plus possible de journaliste devrait attirer l’attention. Mais attention à ne pas oublier les nombreux blessés. Entre les enlèvements, les passages à tabac, les insultes, les humiliations et les blessures volontaires, être journaliste en Afghanistan c’est vivre dans la peur permanente. 

De plus, nous pouvons constaté que les crimes contres ces journalistes sont dans l’ensemble du pays et non pas circonscit à une ou deux régions. 

Pourtant, le gouvernement a pris des engagements répétés pour assurer la protection des journalistes. En 2018, avec 15 journalistes tués, l’Afghanistan était reconnu comme le pays le plus meurtrier pour les journalistes dans le monde. 2019 repart sur les mêmes bases.

Afghanistan: another deadly Year for Journalists in 2019

Within the first six months of 2019, Afghanistan has lost six of its journalists in separate incidents, the first death of a journalist was recorded by RSF in Afghanistan this year.

35 cases of violence against journalists and media staff were recorded by Nai, supporting open media in Afghanistan which includes 5 cases of murder, 6 injuries, 17 cases of threats and insults, 3 cases of attacks on media, 3 cases of beating, and 1 case of IED explosion.


Unfortunately, murder cases are just the most extreme violences against journalists but other violences remain prevalent including: kidnapping, beating, injuring, insulting and humiliating journalists.


Recently the Taliban terrorist group issued new threats to media outlets in Afghanistan, demanding an immediate halt to publications of pro-government advertisements.

Working as a journalist in war-torn Afghanistan is not easy and safety is an increasing concern for journalists around the country.

The Taliban and Islamic State (ISIS) were involved in crimes against humanity and are the most responsible for the attacks on journalists and media staff in Afghanistan. They targeted journalists, aimed to silence press freedom and incite fear among the people.

January

Afghan Journalist Javid Noori

Javid Noori was the first journalist in the world killed in Afghanistan by Taliban fighters on January 5th, 2019.

He was killed when the Taliban searched a bus he was on at a roadblock in the western Frarah province of Afghanistan. Only 27 years old, Javid Noori worked for Neshat Radio in the western Farah province of Afghanistan.

February

Local journalists Shafiqullah Arya and Rahimullah Rahmani

In February, two other radio journalists were shot and killed in the northern Takhar province of Afghanistan.

Shafiqullah Arya and Rahimullah Rahmani were shot and killed by two unidentified men who entered Radio Hamsada’s office, a local radio station based in Taloqan city in northeastern Afghanistan. They were killed during a live program.

March

View of Sultan Mahmood Khairkhwas tomb in Southern Khost province of Afghanistan

Sultan Mahmood Khairkhwa, local Afghan journalist of Zhman TV died from complications after being shot in head by ISIS gunmen in the southern Khost city of Afghanistan on March 15th.

More violence against journalists this month was seriously wounded Nisar Ahmad Ahmadi. Ahmadi the local Afghan journalist was on his way to his office when an IED bomb that was embedded in his car, detonated in Lashkargah city of Helmand province in southwestern Afghanistan.

He worked with Helmand based Sabawoon TV in Afghanistan.

April

More bad news for journalists this month, a gunmen attacked radio journalist, Imran Lemar. Lemar worked at Mazal radio and was shot & injured by an unknown gunman in the eastern Jalalabad city of Afghanistan on April 25th.

Also in April, the 1TV Editor-in-Chief, Abdullah Khenjani was beaten by a presidential protection guard in Kabul city.

May

Meena Mangal presenting TV show in local TV in Kabul

Tragic news in May for the family of female Afghan journalist, Meena Mangal who was shot dead Kabul, the capital city by unknown gunmen.

Meena Mangal was shot dead in public on May 11th while she was on her way to work in Kabul. Her family wants justice from the government.

Leaders from around the world like Justin Trudeau commended Meena Mangal’s journalistic integrity and her advocacy for women and girls while condemning the violence that ended her life.

She worked at Tolo TV, the largest private broadcaster in Afghanistan, as well as Shamshad and Lemar television stations.

She had also recently become a cultural adviser to the lower chamber of Afghanistan’s national parliament.

July

AFJC Shaki Baluch

According to the Afghan media, Shaki Baluch, a local journalist of National broadcaster (RTA) killed in southern Zabul province of Afghanistan by unknown gunmen in the month of July and also seven employees of local Shamshad TV stations were wounded in an attack in the capital of the country.

Moreover, recently Taliban insurgents issued new threats against Afghan media which sparks Global Reaction. Unfortunately, murder cases are just the most extreme violences against journalists but other violences remain prevalent including: kidnapping, beating, injuring, insulting and humiliating journalists.

The Afghan government has made repeated commitments to ensure the protection of journalists and journalistic protection institutions have repeatedly asked the government to protect journalists. But challenges remain for journalist’s safety today. RSF recognized Afghanistan as the deadliest country for journalists in the world. 15 journalists were killed in 2018.

« A good journalist is someone who serves his community »

TESTIMONY FROM A MARITUANIAN JOURNALIST


« A good journalist is someone who serves his community. Serving others through my journalistic work, that is my vocation. »

This is the story of MBG, Marituanian journalist fighting against injustice.


« Within me, there is an innate sense of justice. That which scares me the most is neither death nor pain, but it is to see someone living in poverty without being able to do anything to help them. Justice is universal, it does not have a skin color, ethnicity, or religion. »

MBG arrived in France from Marituania in April 2018, leaving behind a large family, a mother constantly in grief, and a fishing community that his father also left.

« I have just over an hour » he started with just before the start of his interview for « La Maison des Journalistes » « I don’t want to be late for morning prayers » In fact, he confides in us that he is very religious. He wears a traditional robe ordinate with orange patterns and his eyes, black like carbon, often look towards the horizon: maybe towards his mother or his father or towards memories of fishing with his father.

The fact that his roots are elsewhere do not inhibit him from perfectly integrating himself into the small community at « La Maison des Journalistes ». He is often seen strolling through the halls of the building and he knows almost all of the residents, with whom he exchanges confidences and pleasant jokes. He speaks with a low and calm voice, his temperment is proud, open and dignified.

MBG’s Journalist Life in Africa

Insults, persecution, threats: MBG’s daily life in Marituania was not easy. « As a journalist, I am always fixated on a single objective: the truth. The intimidations never bothered me. When I worked in Marituania as a journalist, first on the radio, and later at the television, I always thought of my father. I have my education and career thanks to my father.

The fourth child in a large family, MBG confesses that he always had a privleged relationship with his father. « He gave me responsabilities very early, and when there was a problem at the house he always said « Ask MBG, he will know what to do. »

MBG explqins that the lifestyle in Africa rests entirely on the present. « The philosophy is not to have a bank account, but to respond to the needs of the family today, in the present. In Africa, we’re not overly concerned with the future, all that matters, is the ability to eat and get dressed today. »

In 1989, MBG was just a child when his family was deported to Senegal. In fact, in Marituania there was and still remains a system of apartheid, where the white minority persecutes and send the black majority to exile. « In Marituania, mixed marriages are not allowed, whites have the right to all that is better and for the blacks all the worst remains. They stole my childhood, he bitterly testified.

A Journalistic Career Marked by Engagement with the Truth

Shortly after the death of his father in 2011, MBG returns to Marituania and starts to work first as a rapper, then as a radio host, finally as a journalist next to Nouakchott radio – a broadcast news station from Nouakchott,Maritunia

In 2004, he was employed at a presenter for Sahel TV, a private television channel. He hosted a show called Union Trade « I invited all of the communities, black and white, people from the majority and opposition and I asked them sensitive questions about racism, slavery, the absence of Human Righs in Marituania and the exploitation of politics and religion. »

MBG resigns from Sahel TV when the TV director of the television station stopped him from inviting the political dissident Samba Thiam, former party head of the opposition of FPC, (Progressive Forces for Change – an organization against racism from the state and slavery in Marituania in hopes of a democratic, equal, and non-racist Marituania) returning from 20 years of exile in Senegal. « I resigned for a question of principal. The director accused me of being an « inflamist » but I was only doing my job. »

After the experience at Sahel TV, MBG finds himself without a job and without money and must leave for Senegal, where he only stays for a few months.

In returning from Marituania at the end of 2015, he starts to work for Chinguitt TV , another private television station, leading the french department. Also here, the problems and critics come quickly. « The director called me often to tell me that I should pay attention, that I spoke of too sensitive subjects, that I risked  destabilizing my country because of my shows and that if I continue, the state could have to close the station, that is what happened. »

But MBG declared having always followed a sole objective: the truth. « For all the rest, I do not care, the work of a journalist is to inform and to tell things the way that they are, I was never scared of the the other people or of the threats that I constantly received. »

Threats and Persecutions

In 2016, MBG went as a reporter at protest of militants against slavery. « I was at the tribunal to report and first I was insulted and then beaten by the police. They knew that I was a journalist et they wanted to scare me. In Marituania, the police are extremely corrupt. »

Threats, persecutions, insultes are unfortunately on the daily agenda for MBG. One day, when he was in Kaédi, a city situated a few kilometers from the capital, he was stopped by the police who demanded him to open his bag. At first, MBG refused to obey, but is bag was taken with force. « Inside, there was only my work tools, my recording device, my headphones, and my USB drive. One of the white police officers, took drugs out of his pockets and threatened me by saying that he found it in my bag.

A Sole Vocation: Serving Others

After this time, MBG knows that he is constantly in danger. In February 2018, he was the only journalist invited to a conference of the African Bank of Developpment of the Ivory Coast. At this time, he gives a speech to denounce certains practices of Marituanian leaders, the lack of solidarity surrounding Marituania, touched by the problems from racism and slavery.

Returning back from his trip, he receives new threats from the police. « At this time, also under pressure from my mother who can no longer sleep at night, I realized that I must leave. When your honor and your dignity are touched, you have two choices: to stay and suffer, or to protect yourself and leave. I never wanted to bend my head around anyone and I had to leave Marituania, in a certain sense to continue to serve and do my job independently.

« My dream? Is to serve people. For me, nothing is more noble than the acting of serving someone else. « 

Today, MBG lives at the Maison des Journalistes, but is it certain that one that he will return to his country where he will live with his whole family. Today, MBG writes articles in french for l’Oeil de la Maison des Journalistes.

Memories

« I remember conversations with my grandmother, a women whom I have lots of respect for. Today, she is 100 years old. »

When I was in Marituania, she encouraged me to continue my journalistic work, and to not give up. For me, there hasn’t been more satisfaction than when the elderly see me and say « I am familiar with your work, I pray for you. »

I have a lot of respect for the elderly. Still today, when I am on the Metro in Paris, I always give them my seat on the train.

  • Afghanistan: another deadly Year for Journalists in 201910/07/2019 - 9:17

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  • « A good journalist is someone who serves his community »18/06/2019 - 1:53

    TESTIMONY FROM A MARITUANIAN JOURNALIST « A good journalist is someone who serves his community. Serving others through my journalistic work, that is my vocation. » This is the story of MBG, Marituanian journalist fighting against injustice. « Within me, there is an innate sense of justice. That which scares me the most is neither death nor pain, […]

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Etat de la presse en Egypte : un champion déchu

[ANALYSE] Censure et contrôle d’Etat en Egypte : la mutation d’un pays pionnier dans le développement de la presse devenu champion de la censure et de la repression. Tout en étant à l’origine de la diffusion de la presse à imprimer dans le monde arabe, les gouvernements successifs ont progressivement limité la liberté d’expression jusqu’à aujourd’hui, où on se demande qu’il reste-t-il de l’espace pour une couverture médiatique indépendante, critique et libre.

Etat de la presse en Afghanistan : le pays où les journalistes meurent le plus

[ANALYSE] Durant les deux premiers mois de 2019, la Communauté des Médias Afghans a perdu trois de ses membres au cours de deux incidents successifs. Javid Noori, journaliste de radio, a été exécuté par des talibans le 5 janvier 2019 dans la province occidentale de Farah. La seconde attaque a visé les locaux d’une station de radio du nord est du pays et causé la mort de deux journalistes, Shafiq Aria et Rahimullah Rahmani. Sur les pas de 2018, l’année 2019 en Afghanistan s’annonce d’ores et déjà comme l’une des plus meutrières pour les journalistes en exercice.

“Il a suffi d’un article pour que je me rende compte que je vivais dans une prison à ciel ouvert.”

Afghanistan: six premiers mois sanguinaires pour les journalistes

Durant ces six premier mois de 2019, l’Afghanistan a perdu au moins six journalistes en six incidents différents. En 2018, l’Afghanistan était déjà le pays le plus meurtrier au monde pour les journalistes. Cette année s’annonce atrocement similaire.

Déjà 35 cas de violence en 2019 contre les journalistes et le personnel des medias enregistrés par Nai Media Institute en Afghanistan. Le décompte ne s’arrête pas là et il est sanglant : six meurtres, six blessures graves, dix-sept  menaces et insultes. Il y a aussi des actions terroristes : trois attaques contre les médias et une explosion à la voiture piégée.  

Ces attentats se pratiquent par vague : les forces de sécurité et médicales accourent pour secourir les journalistes ayant réchappés à l’attentat. C’est le moment choisi pour déclencher une deuxième bombe. Cette scène s’est déroulée à Kaboul l’année dernière : 9 journalistes avaient été tués dans ce double attentat du 30 avril 2018.  

Récemment, les Talibans ont lancé de nouvelles menaces contre les médias en Afghanistan, en demandant l’arrêt immédiat des publicités pro-gouvernement. Être journaliste dans un pays ravagé par la guerre et les luttes intestines représente un danger permanent. Les Talibans et l’Etat Islamique sont responsables des crimes contre les journalistes et ceux qui accompagnent les journalistes. Les Talibans ont décidé que les journalistes afghans étaient dorénavant leur cible privilégié.

Janvier

Afghan Journalist Javid Noori

Javid Noori est le premier journaliste tué dans le monde en 2019. C’était le 5 janvier. Voyageant dans un bus, il a été tué lors d’un barrage routier à Frarah, une province dans l’ouest du pays où il travaillait pour Neshat Radio, une radio locale. Javid Noori avait 27 ans.

Février

Local journalists Shafiqullah Arya and Rahimullah Rahmani

En février, deux autres journalistes sont tués par balle dans Takhar, une province dans le nord de l’Afghanistan.

Shafiqullah Arya et Rahimullah Rahmani ont été tués par deux inconnus qui sont entrés dans les bureaux de Radio Hamsada, une station de radio basée en Taloqan, ville située dans le nord ouest de l’Afghanistan. Comble de l’horreur, ils ont étés tués lors de leur émission, pendant qu’ils étaient en direct à la radio.

Mars

View of Sultan Mahmood Khairkhwas tomb in Southern Khost province of Afghanistan

Sultan Mahmood Khairkwa, journaliste afghan pour Zhman TV est mort des complications après qu’il est reçu une balle dans la tête par des hommes armés se revendiquant de l’Etat Islamique.

Un autre journaliste est mort ce même mois de mars, il s’agit de Nisar Ahmad Ahmadi. Journaliste afghan, il voulait se rendre à son travail en prenant sa voiture. Mais sa voiture a explosé, piégée par une bombe. Cette fois-ci, c’était dans le sud de l’Aafghanistan. Nisar Ahmad Ahmadi travaillait avec  la chaine de télévison  Sabawoon.

Avril

Cette fois-ci, un homme armée a attaqué le radio journaliste, Imran Lemar. Lemar travaillait pour Mazal radio. Il a été blessé par balle par un homme armé inconnu dans la grande ville de l’est, Jalalabad, le 25 avril.

Ce même mois d’avril, le rédacteur en chef du média 1TV, Abdullah Khanjani, était frappé ou plutôt battu par les gardes du corps de la protection présidentielle. Cet événement s’est passé à Kaboul, la capitale.

Mai

Meena Mangal presenting TV show in local TV in Kabul

Contrairement à une idée reçue, de nombreuses femmes sont journalistes en Afghanistan. Elles ne sont pas épargnées.

C’est le cas de Meena Mangal, tuée à Kaboul alors qu’elle se rendait à son travail. Sa famille a imploré le gouvernement de mettre en place une enquête pour retrouver les assassins.

Loin de la violence, Meena Mangal était amatrice de poèsie, voici son ultime poème. 

Meena mangal ki last poem

Publiée par Lar aw bar yo Afghan sur Samedi 11 mai 2019

Les chefs d’Etat du monde entier, dont le canadien Justin Trudeau, ont demandé qu’on se souvienne de Meena Mangal come une journaliste à l’intégrité totale qui s’est battue toute sa vie pour les droits des femmes d’Afghanistan, quelle que soit leur âge. 

Meena Mangal travaillait à Tolo TV, le plus grand diffuseur privé d’Afghanistan, mais aussi pour d’autres médias. Elle était aussi conseillère culturelle à la chambre basse du parlement national d’Afghanistan.

Juin

AFJC Shaki Baluch

Selon les médias afghans, le journaliste Shaki Baluch a été tué au Zabul, la province du sud d’Afghanistan, par des hommes armés. De plus, 7 employés de Shamshad TV ont été blessés dans une attaque.  

Si ce début d’année sanglant pour les journalistes afghans ne choque plus l’opinion mondiale, l’appel des insurgés à tuer le plus possible de journaliste devrait attirer l’attention. Mais attention à ne pas oublier les nombreux blessés. Entre les enlèvements, les passages à tabac, les insultes, les humiliations et les blessures volontaires, être journaliste en Afghanistan c’est vivre dans la peur permanente. 

De plus, nous pouvons constaté que les crimes contres ces journalistes sont dans l’ensemble du pays et non pas circonscit à une ou deux régions. 

Pourtant, le gouvernement a pris des engagements répétés pour assurer la protection des journalistes. En 2018, avec 15 journalistes tués, l’Afghanistan était reconnu comme le pays le plus meurtrier pour les journalistes dans le monde. 2019 repart sur les mêmes bases.

Afghanistan: another deadly Year for Journalists in 2019

Within the first six months of 2019, Afghanistan has lost six of its journalists in separate incidents, the first death of a journalist was recorded by RSF in Afghanistan this year.

35 cases of violence against journalists and media staff were recorded by Nai, supporting open media in Afghanistan which includes 5 cases of murder, 6 injuries, 17 cases of threats and insults, 3 cases of attacks on media, 3 cases of beating, and 1 case of IED explosion.


Unfortunately, murder cases are just the most extreme violences against journalists but other violences remain prevalent including: kidnapping, beating, injuring, insulting and humiliating journalists.


Recently the Taliban terrorist group issued new threats to media outlets in Afghanistan, demanding an immediate halt to publications of pro-government advertisements.

Working as a journalist in war-torn Afghanistan is not easy and safety is an increasing concern for journalists around the country.

The Taliban and Islamic State (ISIS) were involved in crimes against humanity and are the most responsible for the attacks on journalists and media staff in Afghanistan. They targeted journalists, aimed to silence press freedom and incite fear among the people.

January

Afghan Journalist Javid Noori

Javid Noori was the first journalist in the world killed in Afghanistan by Taliban fighters on January 5th, 2019.

He was killed when the Taliban searched a bus he was on at a roadblock in the western Frarah province of Afghanistan. Only 27 years old, Javid Noori worked for Neshat Radio in the western Farah province of Afghanistan.

February

Local journalists Shafiqullah Arya and Rahimullah Rahmani

In February, two other radio journalists were shot and killed in the northern Takhar province of Afghanistan.

Shafiqullah Arya and Rahimullah Rahmani were shot and killed by two unidentified men who entered Radio Hamsada’s office, a local radio station based in Taloqan city in northeastern Afghanistan. They were killed during a live program.

March

View of Sultan Mahmood Khairkhwas tomb in Southern Khost province of Afghanistan

Sultan Mahmood Khairkhwa, local Afghan journalist of Zhman TV died from complications after being shot in head by ISIS gunmen in the southern Khost city of Afghanistan on March 15th.

More violence against journalists this month was seriously wounded Nisar Ahmad Ahmadi. Ahmadi the local Afghan journalist was on his way to his office when an IED bomb that was embedded in his car, detonated in Lashkargah city of Helmand province in southwestern Afghanistan.

He worked with Helmand based Sabawoon TV in Afghanistan.

April

More bad news for journalists this month, a gunmen attacked radio journalist, Imran Lemar. Lemar worked at Mazal radio and was shot & injured by an unknown gunman in the eastern Jalalabad city of Afghanistan on April 25th.

Also in April, the 1TV Editor-in-Chief, Abdullah Khenjani was beaten by a presidential protection guard in Kabul city.

May

Meena Mangal presenting TV show in local TV in Kabul

Tragic news in May for the family of female Afghan journalist, Meena Mangal who was shot dead Kabul, the capital city by unknown gunmen.

Meena Mangal was shot dead in public on May 11th while she was on her way to work in Kabul. Her family wants justice from the government.

Leaders from around the world like Justin Trudeau commended Meena Mangal’s journalistic integrity and her advocacy for women and girls while condemning the violence that ended her life.

She worked at Tolo TV, the largest private broadcaster in Afghanistan, as well as Shamshad and Lemar television stations.

She had also recently become a cultural adviser to the lower chamber of Afghanistan’s national parliament.

July

AFJC Shaki Baluch

According to the Afghan media, Shaki Baluch, a local journalist of National broadcaster (RTA) killed in southern Zabul province of Afghanistan by unknown gunmen in the month of July and also seven employees of local Shamshad TV stations were wounded in an attack in the capital of the country.

Moreover, recently Taliban insurgents issued new threats against Afghan media which sparks Global Reaction. Unfortunately, murder cases are just the most extreme violences against journalists but other violences remain prevalent including: kidnapping, beating, injuring, insulting and humiliating journalists.

The Afghan government has made repeated commitments to ensure the protection of journalists and journalistic protection institutions have repeatedly asked the government to protect journalists. But challenges remain for journalist’s safety today. RSF recognized Afghanistan as the deadliest country for journalists in the world. 15 journalists were killed in 2018.

« A good journalist is someone who serves his community »

TESTIMONY FROM A MARITUANIAN JOURNALIST


« A good journalist is someone who serves his community. Serving others through my journalistic work, that is my vocation. »

This is the story of MBG, Marituanian journalist fighting against injustice.


« Within me, there is an innate sense of justice. That which scares me the most is neither death nor pain, but it is to see someone living in poverty without being able to do anything to help them. Justice is universal, it does not have a skin color, ethnicity, or religion. »

MBG arrived in France from Marituania in April 2018, leaving behind a large family, a mother constantly in grief, and a fishing community that his father also left.

« I have just over an hour » he started with just before the start of his interview for « La Maison des Journalistes » « I don’t want to be late for morning prayers » In fact, he confides in us that he is very religious. He wears a traditional robe ordinate with orange patterns and his eyes, black like carbon, often look towards the horizon: maybe towards his mother or his father or towards memories of fishing with his father.

The fact that his roots are elsewhere do not inhibit him from perfectly integrating himself into the small community at « La Maison des Journalistes ». He is often seen strolling through the halls of the building and he knows almost all of the residents, with whom he exchanges confidences and pleasant jokes. He speaks with a low and calm voice, his temperment is proud, open and dignified.

MBG’s Journalist Life in Africa

Insults, persecution, threats: MBG’s daily life in Marituania was not easy. « As a journalist, I am always fixated on a single objective: the truth. The intimidations never bothered me. When I worked in Marituania as a journalist, first on the radio, and later at the television, I always thought of my father. I have my education and career thanks to my father.

The fourth child in a large family, MBG confesses that he always had a privleged relationship with his father. « He gave me responsabilities very early, and when there was a problem at the house he always said « Ask MBG, he will know what to do. »

MBG explqins that the lifestyle in Africa rests entirely on the present. « The philosophy is not to have a bank account, but to respond to the needs of the family today, in the present. In Africa, we’re not overly concerned with the future, all that matters, is the ability to eat and get dressed today. »

In 1989, MBG was just a child when his family was deported to Senegal. In fact, in Marituania there was and still remains a system of apartheid, where the white minority persecutes and send the black majority to exile. « In Marituania, mixed marriages are not allowed, whites have the right to all that is better and for the blacks all the worst remains. They stole my childhood, he bitterly testified.

A Journalistic Career Marked by Engagement with the Truth

Shortly after the death of his father in 2011, MBG returns to Marituania and starts to work first as a rapper, then as a radio host, finally as a journalist next to Nouakchott radio – a broadcast news station from Nouakchott,Maritunia

In 2004, he was employed at a presenter for Sahel TV, a private television channel. He hosted a show called Union Trade « I invited all of the communities, black and white, people from the majority and opposition and I asked them sensitive questions about racism, slavery, the absence of Human Righs in Marituania and the exploitation of politics and religion. »

MBG resigns from Sahel TV when the TV director of the television station stopped him from inviting the political dissident Samba Thiam, former party head of the opposition of FPC, (Progressive Forces for Change – an organization against racism from the state and slavery in Marituania in hopes of a democratic, equal, and non-racist Marituania) returning from 20 years of exile in Senegal. « I resigned for a question of principal. The director accused me of being an « inflamist » but I was only doing my job. »

After the experience at Sahel TV, MBG finds himself without a job and without money and must leave for Senegal, where he only stays for a few months.

In returning from Marituania at the end of 2015, he starts to work for Chinguitt TV , another private television station, leading the french department. Also here, the problems and critics come quickly. « The director called me often to tell me that I should pay attention, that I spoke of too sensitive subjects, that I risked  destabilizing my country because of my shows and that if I continue, the state could have to close the station, that is what happened. »

But MBG declared having always followed a sole objective: the truth. « For all the rest, I do not care, the work of a journalist is to inform and to tell things the way that they are, I was never scared of the the other people or of the threats that I constantly received. »

Threats and Persecutions

In 2016, MBG went as a reporter at protest of militants against slavery. « I was at the tribunal to report and first I was insulted and then beaten by the police. They knew that I was a journalist et they wanted to scare me. In Marituania, the police are extremely corrupt. »

Threats, persecutions, insultes are unfortunately on the daily agenda for MBG. One day, when he was in Kaédi, a city situated a few kilometers from the capital, he was stopped by the police who demanded him to open his bag. At first, MBG refused to obey, but is bag was taken with force. « Inside, there was only my work tools, my recording device, my headphones, and my USB drive. One of the white police officers, took drugs out of his pockets and threatened me by saying that he found it in my bag.

A Sole Vocation: Serving Others

After this time, MBG knows that he is constantly in danger. In February 2018, he was the only journalist invited to a conference of the African Bank of Developpment of the Ivory Coast. At this time, he gives a speech to denounce certains practices of Marituanian leaders, the lack of solidarity surrounding Marituania, touched by the problems from racism and slavery.

Returning back from his trip, he receives new threats from the police. « At this time, also under pressure from my mother who can no longer sleep at night, I realized that I must leave. When your honor and your dignity are touched, you have two choices: to stay and suffer, or to protect yourself and leave. I never wanted to bend my head around anyone and I had to leave Marituania, in a certain sense to continue to serve and do my job independently.

« My dream? Is to serve people. For me, nothing is more noble than the acting of serving someone else. « 

Today, MBG lives at the Maison des Journalistes, but is it certain that one that he will return to his country where he will live with his whole family. Today, MBG writes articles in french for l’Oeil de la Maison des Journalistes.

Memories

« I remember conversations with my grandmother, a women whom I have lots of respect for. Today, she is 100 years old. »

When I was in Marituania, she encouraged me to continue my journalistic work, and to not give up. For me, there hasn’t been more satisfaction than when the elderly see me and say « I am familiar with your work, I pray for you. »

I have a lot of respect for the elderly. Still today, when I am on the Metro in Paris, I always give them my seat on the train.

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“Il a suffi d’un article pour que je me rende compte que je vivais dans une prison à ciel ouvert.”